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Learning Focus and Pedagogy

The programme shall consist of (i) core courses (ii) special components in the form of field study tours, seminars, panel discussions and experiential presentations and (iii) Dissertation, which shall be the centre stage of the program. The course lays emphasis on self-growth through seminars, fieldwork, case studies, and class room discussions. The classroom sessions are designed to provide basic knowledge and practical understanding of concepts, tools and techniques in Natural Resource Management.

(i) Core Courses

The core courses shall provide the theoretical underpinning, conceptual and analytical tools and fundamentals on which subsequent parts of the M.Phil Programme are to be built. These include courses on ICT and E-Governance, Management of Natural Resources, SFM and Forest Certification, Livelihood and Biodiversity Management, Elements of Climate Change, Research Methods, Environmental Impact Assessment, Civil Society & Corporate Environment Responsibility, Geo- informatics, Integrated Water Resource Management and Extension Methods. These courses strengthen the understanding of students on Natural Resource Management in general and climate change in particular.

(ii) Special Components

a. Study tour

Students are given field exposure through study tour once at one of the sites where work related to Natural Resource Management is going on. The purpose of the study tour shall be to expose and sensitize the participants to the conditions prevailing in natural resource management sector. This helps in developing linkage between theory and practice and improves their ability to analyze the situations.

The field study shall provide an opportunity to examine various natural resource management policies that are being implemented in India and their impact on environment and people. They will also examine the interplay of various forces and their implications in the delivery of Governmental Programmes. Participants will visit identified areas in the country and be exposed to the real life situations in the field of Natural Resource Management.


b. Special Lectures/ Panel Discussions/ Experiential Presentations

In order to address both national and international development and challenges in the areas and contemporary Issues such as reforms in Natural Resource Governance; Global Environmental and Ecological Crisis; Climate Change; Environmental Concerns; Sustainable Development; Livelihood and Biodiversity; Disaster Management and related subjects, efforts are made to organize in house workshops/seminars to provide a forum to discuss and debate these issues within the institute as well as with eminent scholars and practitioners.

The candidates from time to time shall also give seminar on the chosen topics to share his /her experience & learning of issues related to natural resource management to a panel of Faculty, invited external experts and students of other programme. The presentation also revolve around innovations in policy formulation, project planning and implementation etc either at the field level or regional or National level.

These are mostly student driven activity with the support of faculty members & improve the skill of advocacy, presentation and communication skills of the participants.

(iii) Dissertation

The dissertation component shall occupy the centre stage in the M. Phil. Programme. Participants are expected to undertake a thorough literature review of the chosen subject area, make an in-depth analysis of a specific problem and examine its ramifications. The research proposal outlining the research questions and the methodology to be adopted would constitute the first stage. The proposal will then be presented to a panel of experts and participants for suggestions/ comments. The topic for the dissertation will be finalized after the research proposal is approved by the concerned supervisor. Participants would be encouraged to start working on their dissertations as early as possible.

The participants shall be making a substantial contribution to the theory and practice of natural resource management in area of their interest and demonstrate their analytical skills in the process.

The thesis work would be carried out under the guidance and supervision of a faculty member of the Institute. However co-supervisor can be opted from either IIFM or other organizations.


The curriculum is designed to impart knowledge and skills considered essential for natural resource managers to operate successfully in the dynamic and complex environment. It sharpens and deepens the participants’ understanding at different levels by maintaining the balance between the job requirements and long-term growth requirements. The basic thrust of the curriculum is to help the participants to acquire conceptual and analytical abilities in relation to the field realities, required for managing natural resources effectively with specific focus on climate change

The course shall be of 12 months duration, consisting of two class room terms, fieldwork and dissertation. The programme commences from first week of July, 2018. The entire programme is of 25.0 credits. It includes 19 courses spread over two terms, having 1.0/0.5 credit each. A 1.0 credit course comprises 30 classroom sessions and 0.5 credit courses comprise 15 class room sessions. The term wise details of the courses are given below (Course curriculum revision is underway):

Term I (Three months)

    • ICT and E-governance *0.5 Credit
    • Management of natural resources 0.5 Credit
    • SFM and forest certification 0.5 Credit
    • Livelihood and biodiversity management *1.0 Credit
    • Elements of climate change 0.5 Credit
    • Research methods 1.0 Credit
    • Environmental impact assessment 1.0 Credit
    • Civil society and corporate environment responsibility 0.5 Credit
    • Geo informatics 1.0 Credit
    • Integrated water resource management 0.5. Credit
    • Extension methods 0.5 Credit

Two weeks field study tour (0.5 Credit)

      On completion of the study tour, each participant would be required to prepare a report. The report shall be presented for evaluation by a panel of faculty members.


Two week dissertation problem formulation

      All candidates shall be requested to put their dissertation problem in final shape during this period and the synopsis shall be presented in front of the dissertation committee along with the guide to finalize the research methodology and study design.


Term II (three months)

      • Environment & climate change: policy and law 1.0 Credit
      • Climate change impacts, mitigation and adaptation 1.0 Credit
      • Economic valuation and accounting of ecosystem services 1.0 Credit
      • Energy management 1.0 Credit
      • Risk assessment and disaster management 0.5 Credit
      • Clean development mechanism 1.0 Credit
      • Carbon finance (REDD and REDD+). 1.0 Credit
      • Climate Change and community well being 1.0 Credit

Two week study tour (0.5 Credits)

        On their return, participants would prepare reports on various facets covered during the visit, followed by presentations which will be evaluated by a panel of faculty members.


        Term III (Three and half months)

Dissertation (9 Credits)

        The dissertation work would be initiated in the second term. Based on participant’s area of interest and programme objectives, the guide(s) would be chosen by the candidate. Dissertation component shall include data collection in field, report writing and viva-voce. To carry out the dissertation related field work, expenses incurred are reimbursed maximum upto Rs. 20,000.00 (Rs. Twenty thousand only) on completion of dissertation work and submission of bills.


Attendance Norms

        It is expected that students should attend all the classes in all the courses in each term of M.Phil programme. A student not meeting minimum of 80% attendance in each course shall not be allowed to appear for the end term examination and will have to repeat the course and appear in the examination at his/her own cost in the following year. A student may be exempted from 80% attendance requirement, but not less than 75% attendance by the Director based on the merit of the case, as recommended by the M.Phil Committee.


Evaluation Process

        The evaluation system for M.Phil Programme shall be the one used by the Saurashtra University as recommended by UGC as per their 2009 guidelines. It comprises of 30% by way of quizzes, assignments and presentations and remaining 70% by way of written examination at the end of the course.


        Saurashtra University Grading system for M.Phil as recommended by UGC 2009 Guidelines is given below in the table.


Grade points


Grade letter

% of marks




90 - 99%






Very Good


















Below 40%

        TGPA (Term Grade Point Average) shall be calculated at the end of each term.


        Credit point for the paper = No. of Credits assigned for the course X Grade Point for the course


        TGPA = Total Credits points earned in the Term/Total credits for that Term


        CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) shall be calculated for the entire course.


        CGPA is calculated by dividing the total number of credit points earned in all terms by the total number of credits in all the terms. The CGPA shall be expressed to an accuracy of three decimal digits.


        The Equivalence table for CGPA obtained by the candidate as provided by Saurashtra University, Rajkot is given below.



% Equivalence

Description gradation

7.5 > = CGPA< = 10


First class with Distinction

6 > = CGPA< 7.5


First class

5 > = CGPA <  6


Second Class

4 > = CGPA < 5


Pass Class